During the summer months, it is important for residents to identify the safety precautions to help eliminate over-exertion caused by the high heat and humidity.
Heat Wave Safety Tips
- Slow down and avoid strenuous activity.
- Stay indoors as much as possible.
- Wear lightweight and light-colored clothing.
- Drink plenty of water regularly and often.
- Avoid drinks that contain alcohol and caffeine these substances dehydrate the body.
- Eat small meals and eat more often. Avoid high protein foods, which increase the metabolic rate.
- Heatwave: Prolonged period of excessive heat and humidity.
- Heat index: Number in degrees Fahrenheit that tells how hot it really feels when relative humidity is added to the actual air temperature.
- Heat cramps: Muscular pains and spasms due to heavy exertion. usually occur in abdominal or leg muscles.
- Heat exhaustion: Occurs when people exercise or work excessively in a warm humid place where body fluids are lost through sweating heavily. Blood flow to the skin increases, decreasing the flow to vital organs, which may result in mild shock. If not treated, body temperature will continue to rise and the victim may suffer heatstroke.